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First Lieutenant Shepard Kollock


Original Member, admitted 1791

First Lieutenant Shepard Kollock

Began his service in the Revolutionary War upon hearing of the Battle of Lexington. Returned from the West Indies and joined the NY Militia in 1776, was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the Flying Camp of the NY Militia Regiment. 1st Lieutenant in the 2nd Continental Artillery 1 Jan 1777 then Captain by Brevet in the 2nd Regiment Continental Artillery 3 Jan 1779. Fought in the Battle of Trenton, Fort Lee, Short Hills and other engagements. Last served at the rank of 1st Lieutenant. General Washington wanted someone to publish a patriotic newspaper. Alexander Hamilton recommended Shepard Kollock. Resigned from service 3 Jan 1779 as being supernumerary on the advice of General Knox. Shepard became known as the “Rebel Printer”. Born in Lewiston, DE in Sep 1750 and died in Philadelphia, PA on 28 Jul 1839. Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in Essex County, New Jersey 1804-1839. Postmaster of Elizabeth, NJ 1818-1829. Learned the trade of printing from the famous William Goddard, of the Pennsylvania Chronicle. Went to Saint Christophers to improve his health. While living in the West Indies, helped raise money to send the boy, Alexander Hamilton to the colonies to receive a formal education. Published the “US Almanac” 1779-1783 at Chatham, NJ, one of the two newspapers in New Jersey, and the “Political Intelligencer” 1783. Changed the name to the “New Jersey Journal”. In 1783 he established the newspaper “New York Gazette” in New York City and operated it until 1787. In 1784 he had a printing house on the corner of Wall and Water Streets in New York City. 1786-1818 published the first New York City Directory. In 1787 returned to New Jersey at Elizabethtown and revived the “New Jersey Journal” newspaper which he operated for 31 years. Published “Christian’s, Scholar’s and Farmer’s Magazine”, 1789-1791. Author of “Poems on the Capture of General Burgoyne”, 1782. Colonel in the New Jersey Militia. Aide de Camp to Governor Bloomfield, and reappointed by his successor. There is a park named in his honor in Chatham, NJ. Married Susan Arnett on 5 Jun 1777. [Sources: M; H; (66); (98); (C); Find A Grave Memorial; www.famousamericans.net; “Who Was Who in American History”; “National Cyclopaedia of American Biography”, Volume 10; ‘The New-Yorker’ newspaper, 10 Aug 1839. Pic: “National Cyclopaedia of American Biography”, Volume 10.]